|I've created the Dear Barbara column as a way for subs to get answers to questions about any subbing topic or suggestions that may help you solve a specific problem in substitute teaching.
If you'd like to submit a question, please click here and be sure to include your name and home town. Answers to the best questions will be published here.
Are Rewards the Answer?
I read your book and I have followed your advice about keeping rewards in my Bag of Tricks. I am concerned about students working and behaving well so that they can get a sticker or a certificate. Shouldn't children learn to be self motivated? I'm getting tired of bribing students! Is there a better way?
Cherry Hill, NJ
The concept of extrinsic vs. intrinsic rewards is one that has been debated by education experts. Most of us feel that it's always better when children are self motivated. And for the most part, good students naturally try to do their best. They want to do well for themselves, their teachers, and their parents. But when a sub is in the room, things change. You are not responsible for grading them. You will not be preparing a report card or conducting a parent conference.
Effective teachers know that authentic praise is the best motivation possible. As a sub, you must be sure to acknowledge good behavior, good deeds, and hard work. Students want to please you, and they want recognition for their efforts. A simple thank you David for your answer to that question goes a long way. Praise individuals and the whole group.
But when you're having a hard day, you may need concrete rewards. Younger students love stickers or stamps on their hands. Pencils and erasers are great for intermediate grades. You don't have to spend money. A wonderful reward is free time at the end of the period. You can give five extra minutes for recess, lunch in the classroom with the teacher, first in line for recess or lunch. If you use small group rewards, the students will police themselves.
When you use rewards effectively, the best reward is a peaceful day for you!
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